ADHD: All About Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD: All About Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, a neurodevelopmental disorder.

The central characteristics are the difficulty in regulating attention and controlling impulses and hyperactivity. ADHD is a highly relevant genetic-based syndrome.

Who has ADHD?

Approximately 5% of adults, according to research, have ADHD. It represents more than 10 million people in some countries alone. It occurs in men and women, and in most cases, it persists throughout life, not being limited to children.

Diagnosis has the following criteria:


There are Six or sometimes more symptoms of lack of attention for usually children or teenagers up to 16 years. Or five or more for teenagers 17 and older and adults. The symptoms have been present for at least six months and are unsuitable for the level of development:

  • It pays no attention to detail.
  • He has trouble keeping his attention on tasks or gaming activities.
  • He often doesn't seem to hear when someone is talking to him directly.
  • He is unable to finish schoolwork, household chores, or homework assignments (for example, he loses focus, starts several tasks, and does not complete any).
  • Easily distracted
  • Easily distracted

Impulsivity and Hyperactivity

Five or more symptoms for teenagers of 17 years of age and older and adults have Impulsivity-Hyperactivity. In adults, hyperactivity can manifest itself as extreme anxiety or exhaustion of others with its activity. It can be found in:

  • He rises from his position in situations where sitting is the expected situation.
  • He rises from his position in situations where sitting is the expected situation.
  • It is in constant motion, acting as if it is "driven by an engine".
  • You talk excessively.
  • You talk excessively.
  • You talk excessively.
  • It is common to interrupt other people (for example, to meddle in conversations or games)

Important Notes

In addition, for a diagnosis, it is important to note whether the following conditions are being met:

  • The occurrence of symptoms of inattention or hyperactivity-impulsivity before 12 years of age
  • The perception that symptoms are present in two or more different situations. For example: at home, school or work, with friends or family, in other activities.

Is ADHD a modern disorder?

Some people wonder if ADHD is a new condition, perhaps caused by the fast pace of modern life. However, the attention deficit is not a recent disorder. It has been written in medical literature and books for over 100 years. What is new is the name, ADHD.

In 1845, Dr. Heinrich Hoffman described ADHD in a book called The Story of Fidgety Philip. In 1902, Sir George F. Still wrote the first clinical description of a group of children who showed impulsiveness and behavioral problems. He called this condition a "defect in moral control".

Associated Features that Support Diagnosis

Slight delays in language, motor, or social development are not specific to ADHD. Associated characteristics may include low tolerance for frustration, irritability, or emotional instability. Even in the absence of a particular disorder of learning, academic or professional performance is often impaired. Inattentive behavior is associated with several underlying cognitive processes.

Individuals with ADHD may exhibit cognitive problems in tests of attention, executive function, or memory. However, these tests may not be specific enough to serve as diagnostic indices. In early adulthood, ADHD is associated with an increased risk of attempted suicide, especially when associated with disorders of mood, conduct, or substance use.

Treatments and Therapies

ADHD is commonly treated with medication, education or training, therapy, or a combination of treatments.


For many people, ADHD medications reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity and improve their ability to focus, work, and learn. The first line of treatment for ADHD is stimulants.


While it may seem unusual to treat ADHD with a medication that is considered to be a stimulant, it is effective. Many researchers think that stimulants are effective because the medication increases the brain's chemical dopamine, which plays an essential role in thinking and attention.


Doctors can prescribe a non-stimulant if a person has had bothersome side effects of stimulants if a stimulant was not effective, or in combination with a stimulant to increase effectiveness. Two examples of non-stimulant drugs include atomoxetine and guanfacine.


Although antidepressants are not specifically approved for the treatment of ADHD, antidepressants are sometimes used to treat adults with ADHD. Antidepressants, called Modafinil, are sometimes used because they, like stimulants, affect the production of neurotransmitters like norepinephrine and dopamine.

There are many different types and brands of these drugs, all with potential benefits and side effects.

Anyone taking medication should be monitored closely and carefully by the doctor who prescribes it. You can buy Modafinil online.

Call your doctor immediately if you have a problem with your medicine or if you are concerned that you are doing more harm than good. Your doctor may adjust your dose or change your prescription to one that may work best for you.


According to the research, Modafinil is the most common drug alternative for ADHD. It's developed to increase alertness, wakefulness, and vigilance in individuals suffering from sleep disorders such as narcolepsy or job change disorder. It is also known to increase mental performance, focus and attention span. Common questions are: Will I take Modafinil? Do I really need to take the medicine? Is the drug addictive? It's forever?


There are different types of therapy that have been tested for ADHD. Psychotherapy can help patients and families to better cope with daily challenges.

For children and adolescents: The therapy also helps parents and teachers who interact with children and adolescents with ADHD. One of the main functions of therapy is to address issues such as routine maintenance. With therapy, it is possible to establish a schedule and organize day-to-day items.

For adults: A psychologist can help an adult with ADHD learn how to organize their lives, develop resilience and be more assertive, learning to maintain routines and break big tasks into more manageable and smaller tasks. The Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, for example, goes well with the needs of patients, who generally suffer from lack of structure, chaos, and disorganized life in almost all areas.


The use of Modafinil can be a great option, but its ideal that this treatment is combined with psychological monitoring. Research shows that the combination of both the medicine and the psychological treatment ensures general and continuous care for the patient.